Broadband Intensity Tomography: Spectral Tagging the Cosmic UV Background

Sep 14, 2018 - 10:30 am to 11:30 am
Location

SLAC, Kavli 3rd Floor Conf. Room

Speaker
Yi-Kuan Chiang (Johns Hopkins University)

Most of the photons ever recorded by astronomers are in the form of images—or broadband intensity mapping, while the photons’ redshift and frequency information has largely lost. I will introduce a data-driven technique to recover these otherwise collapsed dimensionalities by exhausting information in the spatial fluctuations. As the first application, we measure the spectrum of the ultraviolet background (UVB) at 0<z<2 in GALEX Imaging surveys. We spatially cross-correlate photons in the FUV and NUV bands with spectroscopic objects in SDSS as a function of redshift, and use the observed shapes of the K-corrections to constrain the rest-frame spectrum of the UVB. We fit simultaneously a parameterized UVB volume emissivity and a clustering bias factor both as function of frequency and cosmic time. With minimum assumptions, our measured non-ionizing continuum emissivity is broadly consistent with that in the Haardt & Madau model. Cosmic Lya emission is tentatively detected at the 2sigma level at z=1, with the luminosity density constant with being powered by cosmic star-formation with an effective Lya escape fraction of 10%. Our approach probes all contributing sources without surface brightness thresholding, which includes potential IGM emission. The technique brings some of the future line-intensity mapping science to within the reach of a rich set of existing broadband data at all wavelengths.