Searching for Cosmic Dawn and Beyond with Radio Observations

Mar 23, 2023 - 11:00 am to 12:00 pm

Campus, PAB 102/103

H. Cynthia Chiang (McGill University) In Person and zoom

Zoom Recording

Observations of redshifted 21-cm emission of neutral hydrogen are a rapidly growing area of cosmology research.  Measurements of the radio sky at ~200 MHz and below are a promising tool for exploring cosmic dawn, and at the lowest frequencies (tens of MHz), future observations may allow us to one day probe the dark ages.  However, observations at these low frequencies are challenging because of Galactic foreground contamination, ionospheric effects, radio-frequency interference, and instrumental systematics.  I will discuss the current status of cosmic dawn measurements from ground-based global 21-cm experiments, and I will introduce two projects, MIST and PRIZM.  I will also describe ALBATROS, a companion experiment that is designed to image the low-frequency sky using an array of autonomous antenna stations.  With the combination of instrumentation advances and new radio-quiet sites, these experiments aim to open observational windows into the early history of our universe.