Toward Maps of Exoplanet Surfaces

Feb 06, 2020 - 11:00 am to 12:00 pm

Campus, PAB 102/103

Rodrigo Luger (CCA, Flatiron Institute)

Perhaps the simplest question that one can ask of a distant star or planet is, "What does it actually look like?" Even the best interferometers can only give us limited information about the surfaces of select giant and/or nearby stars, while the direct imaging of exoplanet surfaces is all but impossible. Fortunately, several techniques exist that allow us to indirectly infer what the surfaces of stars and exoplanets look like from precise photometric light curves and high resolution spectral timeseries. In this talk, I will review previous approaches to mapping the surfaces of stars as well as recent results in the nascent field of exocartography. I will discuss the mathematical theory behind the mapping problem, including its degeneracies and limitations, and present several novel approaches to producing surface maps of stars and exoplanets. Finally, I will show how these maps can be used to learn about the physics of stellar surfaces and the dynamics of gas giant atmospheres, paving the way to the characterization of terrestrial planets in the habitable zone of their stars with future instrumentation.