Jun 6, 2018
While neutrinos were hypothesized by Wolfgang Pauli back in 1930, they remain among the most mysterious particles within the Standard Model of particle physics. We now know that there are three types of neutrinos, and neutrino oscillation experiments have shown that there are at least two types which have mass. Current experiments have not yet been able to nail down the precise masses of the three neutrinos, but have placed upper bounds on sum of their masses. These upper bounds tell us that neutrinos have to be the lightest of all Standard Model particles, more than six orders of magnitude lighter than the electron!