The Athena (Advanced Telescope for High ENergy Astrophysics) satellite, selected by ESA as part of its Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 programme and currently scheduled to launch in 2031, will be the next flagship X-ray astronomy satellite. Athena will study how hot baryons assemble into groups and clusters of galaxies and determine their chemical enrichment across cosmic time.
The Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope (formerly the Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope, or WFIRST) is a proposed infrared space telescope designed to study dark energy, our galaxy and to search for planets. The Roman Space Telescope was the leading recommended large space-based project in the recent decadal survey, combining elements from the previous Joint Dark Energy Mission with a proposal to search for planets via gravitational lensing and perform infrared surveys.
KIPAC members who are part of the Stanford Solar Observatories Group use data from several Earth-bound and space-based instruments to conduct observational and theoretical research on the physics of the Sun. The Solar Group (for short) focuses research efforts on dynamic solar processes that can have real-world consequences for the Earth, such as solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) that can damage satellites and disrupt communications.
The South Pole Telescope (SPT) is a 10-meter telescope operating at the National Science Foundation's South Pole research station. Designed for conducting large-area millimeter and sub-millimeter wave surveys to map primary and secondary anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background, SPT is the largest telescope ever deployed at the South Pole. Currently, the third generation "SPT-3G" camera is surveying the southern sky to make an ultra-sensitive map of CMB polarization across 1500 sq. degrees, and construct an unprecedented catalog of high redshift galaxy clusters…